By Frank R. Baumgartner
This ebook is a brilliant instance of a literature evaluate inside political technology. From that perspective, it's worthy paying for while you are faced with the duty of placing one jointly your self. as well as the truth that it should function an exemplar of a lit overview, it additionally sheds loads of mild at the demeanour during which the examine of curiosity teams had improved. those businesses were ignored because the post-war period, till at the present time once they are visible as one the top explanation why evolution has been sluggish in coming to American politics. those authors spotlight components within which additional study is want if we're to grasp extra approximately their function in this degree.
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Additional info for Basic interests: the importance of groups in politics and in political science
Interests, for many, are defined by one’s social or demographic position. A solid tradition in the literature attempts to define interests in objective terms: Working-class people have certain interests with respect to tax rates, job growth, and other issues; wealthy people have different interests with respect to these issues. Kay Lehman Schlozman and John Tierney discuss the use of objective definitions of interest, and note the prominence of economic motivations in these definitions. For interests that cannot be defined in economic terms, such as those involved in the abortion debate, the issue of capital punishment, or reforms in the electoral system, it is difficult to impute any interest on the basis of observable social characteristics, so the definition of interests must be subjective.
Is the equivalent of a group. . ” David Truman, for his part, defined an interest group as “any group that, on the basis of one or more shared attitudes, makes certain claims upon other groups in society” (1951, 33). Truman’s distinction between latent interests, which might be mobilized if sufficiently threatened, and manifest groups, which have an actual organizational presence, implies that interests are real even if unmobilized. Such broad conceptions of interests remain common in the economics literature, where broad groups such as consumers and taxpayers are often included in models of political influence (see Buchanan and Tullock 1962; Tullock 1967, 1988; Niskanen 1971; Stigler 1971, 1972, 1974; Posner 1974; Peltzman 1976; Becker 1983, 1985; Mueller and Murrell 1986; 24 CHAPT ER 2 for a review see Mitchell and Munger 1991).
All in all there are many areas of group behavior where our collective understandings in 1998 are substantially and unambiguously far advanced over what we knew in 1948. Two generations of scholarly research into the roles of groups in politics have paid some large dividends. This review of a select few areas of substantial advance points to several elements that the areas have in common. First, scholars work within a theoretical framework that, if it does not bind them all to the same perspective on what is important, it unites them at least with a common set of concerns.
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