March 7, 2017

Aquinas and Analogy by Ralph M. McInerny

By Ralph M. McInerny

"The uncomplicated differences McInerny introduces, hiscriticisms of Cajetan's De nom inum analogia, the functions hemakes to difficulties akin to that of the character of metaphysics or oflogic, and his wisdom of latest debates on relatedtopics, make this e-book unique".

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Extra resources for Aquinas and Analogy

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Cajetan tells usformally, as he would say-that the differences between 'healthy' and 'being' are irrelevant to their being analogous names. It is simply not the case that they both involve extrinsic denomination. Why not just admit that 'healthy' involves extrinsic denomination and 'good' involves intrinsic denomination, and that this difference does not affect their being analogous names? In short, Cajetan is confronting another opportunity to see that his threefold division is fundamentally flawed and fails to avail himself of the chance to scrap it.

He quite explicitly equates intentio and denominatio (n. 21). Greek philosophers are said to call names analogous by attribution nomina ex uno vel ad unum aut in uno and explicitly distinguish them from analogous names. Cajetan means Aristotle, who says "expresse in I Ethic. " Latins, on the other hand, call such names analogous or equivocal by design. Speaking Greek, then, Cajetan could say that his first kind of analogous name consists of univocal names, his second of equivocal terms, and only his third of analogous names.

Dicendum est igitur quod huiusmodi nomina dicuntur de Deo et creaturis secundum analogi am, idest proportionem. Quod quidem dupliciter contingit in nominibus: vel quia multa habent proportionem ad unum, sicut WHERE CAJETAN WENT WRONG 25 sanum dicitur de medicina et urina, inquantum utrum que habet ordinem et proportionem ad sanitatem animalis, cuius hoc quidem signum est, illud vero causa; vel ex eo quod unum habet proportionem ad alterum, sicut sanum dicitur de medicina et animali, inquantum medicina est causa sanitatis quae est in animali.

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