By R. Jankowski
Members have little incentive to vote, gather political details or give a contribution crusade money, simply because their vote has little or no probability of affecting the end result of an election. Jankowski bargains a proof and facts for political participation according to the truth that most people are weakly altruistic.
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Extra resources for Altruism and Self-Interest in Democracies: Individual Participation in Government
The coding follows the discussion of party identification above. Aldrich (1993) argues that from a rationalchoice perspective, party attachment should increase turnout because it reduces the information costs of voting. Many studies, starting with “The American Voter” have found a relationship between party attachment and turnout. Why Vote? 2 Logistic regression analyzing role of altruism in turnouta C1 Age Education Income Party Mobil. Religious Group Mobil. 162* (. 448 a Dependent Variable: Respondent Voted in 1994 Election.
The coding of the responses is, 1 = perceives a difference, 5 = perceives no difference. Thus, we have a dichotomous measure of the perception of party difference. Clearly, a cardinal measure or at least a scaled, ordinal measure is to be preferred, because if the perceived difference is small, it would be irrational to vote. But we must do with what is available. Therefore, the central hypothesis that altruism explains voter turnout, is tested when the coefficient relating the interactive version of altruism (PARTY DIFF*ALTRUISM) with turnout is positive.
Since both of these conditions hold, a fixed-point exists. Note that one of the strategies may be a mixed-Bayesian strategy. Characterizing the Equilibrium Showing that an equilibrium exists is only a first step in the analysis of the contribution game. We want to characterize this equilibrium. 1). The equilibrium, besides existing, has three characteristics: it is symmetric, it is a Why Vote? 39 mixed-strategy equilibrium, and it is unique. A game is symmetric if all players of the same type adopt the same strategy.
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