By David Grummitt
The Wars of the Roses (c. 1450-85) are well known as an infamously savage and tangled slice of English historical past. A bloody thirty-year fight among the dynastic homes of Lancaster and York, they embraced localized vendetta (such because the sour northern feud among the Percies and Nevilles) in addition to the formal conflict of royalist and insurgent armies at St Albans, Ludford Bridge, Mortimer's pass, Towton, Tewkesbury and at last Bosworth, whilst the usurping Yorkist king Richard used to be overwhelmed by way of Henry Tudor. robust personalities dominate the interval: the charismatic and enigmatic Richard III, immortalized via Shakespeare; the slippery Warwick, "the kingmaker," who eventually over-reached ambition to be lower on the conflict of Barnet; and guileful ladies like Elizabeth Woodville and Margaret of Anjou, who for a time governed the dominion in her husband's stead. David Grummitt areas the violent occasions of this complicated time within the wider context of fifteenth-century kingship and the improvement of English political tradition. by no means wasting sight of the worrying impression of warfare at the lives of these who both fought in or have been touched by way of conflict, this desirable new background will make compelling studying for college students of the past due medieval interval and Tudor England, in addition to for normal readers.
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Extra info for A short history of the Wars of the Roses
He proved himself a capable general but as king he was at times lazy. His own premature death left the throne in the hands of his twelve-year-old son, Edward V (d. 1483), and resulted in the usurpation of his brother, Richard III (d. 1485). Richard was defeated and killed at the Battle of Bosworth by Henry VII. Fiennes, Sir James (d. 1450), Lord Saye and Sele. A veteran of Agincourt, he rose to prominence in the household of Henry VI during the 1430s. Associated with the hated Duke of Suffolk, he was murdered by Cade’s rebels in 1450.
These men, often lawyers rather than soldiers, were based in the west of the county and exercised something approaching a monopoly of the major county offices from around 1443. Moreover, as the 1440s wore on local tensions increased, and concerns over the conduct of the war, the costs of the household and mounting royal debts intensified. In East Anglia Thomas Daniel, a household esquire but also something of a maverick who abused his proximity to the king, came into conflict from 1447 with both the Duke of Norfolk and his erstwhile patron, Suffolk.
The army, drawing heavily on the resources of the Lancastrian affinity, also represented the familia regis at war; the lords, knights and esquires were bound personally to the king, their loyalty symbolised by pieces of the crown jewels given to them as security for the future payment of their wages. The Battle of 10 IBT049˚— Wars of the Roses:Layout 1 14/9/12 16:20 Page 11 The Lancastrian Legacy Agincourt on 25 October was an extraordinary victory, gained against the odds and won by the individual prowess of the king and his servants against the might of French chivalry.
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