Category: Ethics & Morality

Child Abuse, Family Rights, and the Child Protective System:

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For the most part we are not rational doers: the view that we choose our actions from a standpoint of deliberative detachment seems to be a Kantian myth. The same is particularly true as regards ethics. How is this even a law that a cop can seize the property of. Kant’s statement that each formula “unites the other two within it” initially suggests that the formulas are equivalent in meaning, or at least one could analytically derive one formula from another.
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The Origin and Development of the Moral Ideas, Volume 1

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According to the relativist position, I can have my own version of truth. Moreover, there are no plausible conditions under which we could pick out the “correct” rules of etiquette as those that would be accepted by all rational beings. Walker (1970) note, virtually all “definitions” of moral judgments are only the specification of one definitional feature or another. At the basis of morality, Kant argued, is the Categorical Imperative, and imperatives are not truth apt.
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Philosophical and Ethical Problems in Mental Handicap

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Therefore, Damon proposes a model of integrated self, the moral self, and argues that it plays a significant role in 10 individual moral functioning and moral action. Thomas Aquinas in his "Summa Theologiae" of 1274 and his "Commentaries on the Nicomachean Ethics". In the enlightened self-interest application, they will form partnerships and alliances or interact with others in a way that tends to get them the most in return by giving others what they need to get the most for themselves, so there will be the most mutual benefit.
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Way Too Cool: Selling Out Race and Ethics

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He told me that when he was young, he was staying with his lama who had him perform the preliminary practice of making a hundred thousand prostrations to the Buddha, the doctrine, and the spiritual community. It is only when the disposition gives a propensity to any of these disagreeable passions, that they disfigure the character, and by giving uneasiness, convey the sentiment of disapprobation to the spectator. (p251 footnote) .. a sublimity and daring confidence; which catches the eye, engages the affections, and diffuses, by sympathy, a like sublimity of sentiment over every spectator. (on the utility of courage) (p254) Where a man has no sense of value in himself, we are not likely to have any higher esteem of him. (p254. footnote) Of the same class of virtues with courage is that undisturbed philosophical tranquility, superior to pain, sorrow, anxiety, and each assault of adverse fortune.
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Communitarian Ethics: Later Writings of Walter G. Muelder

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I then argue that, contrary to what many have claimed, it is possible to harm (...) or benefit someone by bringing her into existence. (shrink) Sylvia Burrow (2012). Morality is the distinction between right and wrong. Yet even more interrobang-able than the prospect of a Trump presidency is the fact that those opposing his candidacy seem to have almost no understanding of the media dynamics that have enabled it to rise and thrive. Not all philosophers would agree to this, however.
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Principles of Biomedical Ethics

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Nussbaum interprets Aristotle's virtues as absolutes - she claims that Justice, Temperance, generosity etc. are essential elements of human flourishing across all societies and throughout time. In science - Fallibilism is Latin for "liable to err." The concluding definitions of morals and ethics are pin pointed in comment No. 21. Critics often appeal to Kant’s Formula of Humanity, i.e. the requirement that people be treated not merely as means but as ends in themselves.
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International Finance (Classic Reprint)

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The dynamics of this (...) forum ensures that the renewal of tradition remains an ongoing process and that a participatory ethos remains ascendant. On the contrary, a movement is alive and vital only when it is able to generate differences among its followers; when everybody agrees, we may be sure that it has declined into the stereotyped rigidity of death. Virtue is a trait of character manifested in habitual action,1 and virtue ethics is what makes the character traits of people (e.g., bravery, greediness) virtuous or vicious.
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Amoral America: Sources of Morality in a Liberal Society

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From that point of view, this year has been singularly painful owing to the proliferation and gravity of the conflicts that have cast such a tragic shadow over the world. While some people may think that preschool children aren’t cognitively or emotionally ready to be concerned about anyone but themselves, research indicates otherwise (Callahan, 2004; Wyckoff, 2000). The ascetic priest became the "real representative of seriousness," characterized chiefly by a boundless resentment at those who enjoy health, strength, joy, and power.
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Issues in Moral Philosophy

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And where one does not think there is a judge or a law, the notion of a verdict may retain its psychological effect, but not its meaning. This usage tracks natural language pretty closely. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. If you are interested in applied ethics, the philosophy department offers Philosophy 7, Contemporary Moral Issues. If religion is a source for light for you it is likely because you want it to be, and you auto-filter out all of the bad stuff associated with it.
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Nietzsche's Postmoralism: Essays on Nietzsche's Prelude to

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I do not discount the power of these readily adoptable memes, quite the opposite. And, on the contrary, the less was done for them, the more they did for themselves, and became richer. ["The Encouragement of Idleness," 1766] President Johnson's people were not insensible of this, as the Roosevelt Adminstration had not been at the time of public relief suring the Great Depression (which was refused by many people at the time out of pride).
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